The Gwinnett County Zoning Resolution and the Gwinnett County Swimming Pool and Spa Ordinance contain location and safety requirements that govern private swimming pool and spa construction. These requirements are applicable in the unincorporated areas of the county.
A building permit is required to be obtained for all swimming pools and spas, both in-ground and above-ground, if greater than two feet deep. A "to scale" drawing showing the pool location in relation to the property lines and existing structures must be prepared and submitted for approval. The drawing must also indicate fencing and barrier provisions. In addition, if the lot is located in the 2,000 foot Chattahoochee River corridor, there are clearing and impervious surface limitations that must be observed. A copy of your loan survey with the pool and the barrier drawn upon it is the best way to satisfy this plan requirement. The fee for the building permit is assessed at $6.00 for each $1000.00 of construction cost plus $25.00 for the Certificate of Occupancy. The minimum permit fee is $30.00 plus $25.00 for the Certificate of Occupancy.
There are various inspections that are required during the pool construction. The first is a "site inspection." The purpose of the site inspection is to verify that the pool is properly placed on the lot and that erosion control measures are in place. The second inspection is a "reinforcing steel or basket inspection." This inspection consists of a rough-in inspection of the pool, an inspection of the barrier, an inspection of the bonding of the underground wiring, an inspection of the rough plumbing, and an inspection of the pool heater, if any. The third and last inspection that is required is the "final inspection" of all components of the pool installation. If the pool successfully passes the final inspection, a Certificate of Occupancy is issued.
On interior lots, that is, lots which are not corner lots, swimming pools and related decks, pumps and filters must be located in the rear yard behind the house. On corner lots, not only must the pool be located in the rear yard behind the house, but it must also be setback from the side street the same distance as the setback for the house. In addition, pools and their related decks, pumps and filters must be located no closer than five feet to any side or rear property line.
Pools must be completely surrounded by a barrier at least four feet in height. The barrier must not allow the passing of a four inch sphere, such as a ball. This barrier is usually a fence. In case of above-ground pools, the barrier may be the walls of the pool if the pool walls are at least four feet in height. Above-ground pools may also meet the barrier requirement by utilizing removable stairs provided the height of the pool is at least 4 feet. If a wall of the home is to serve as part of the barrier, all doors opening to the pool area must be equipped with an alarm that sounds for a minimum of 30 seconds. The purpose of the alarm is to announce that someone has entered the pool area. Any gate to the pool area must have a self closing and self latching device.
If the house is served by a septic tank and the pool is an in-ground pool, approval from the Environmental Health Department is required prior to permit issuance. The Environmental Health Department may be reached at 770.963.5132.
For further information about pool location requirements, please call the Development Review Section of the Department of Planning and Development at 678.518.6000 between the hours of 8:00 a.m. and 5:00 p.m., Monday through Friday, except holidays. For further information about permit fees, please contact the Building Permits Section of the Department of Planning and Development at 678.518.6020 between the hours of 8:00am and 5:00pm, Monday through Friday, except holidays.